Turkish Support for ISIS

by Daniel Pipes, The Washington Times, June 18, 2014

N.B. Washington Times title: “Turkey’s support for ISIS Islamist terrorists. Aiding jihadists could put Ankara at odds with Iran”

The battle in Iraq consists of “Turkish-backed Sunni jihadis rebelling against an Iranian-backed Shi’ite-oriented central government,” I wrote in a recent article.

Some readers question that the Republic of Turkey has supported the “Islamic State in Iraq and Syria,” the main Sunni group fighting in Iraq. They point to ISIS attacks on Turkish interests, within Turkey, along its border with Syria, and in Mosul and a successful recent meeting of the Turkish and Iranian presidents. Good points, but they can be explained.

First, ISIS is willing to accept Turkish support even while seeing the Islamist prime minister and his countrymen as kafirs (infidels) who need to be shown true Islam.

Second, the presidential visit took place on one level while the fighting in Syria and Iraq took place on quite another; the two can occur simultaneously. Turkish-Iranian rivalry is on the rise and, as the distinguished Turkish journalist Burak Bekdil notes in the current issue of the Middle East Quarterly:

Recent years have often seen official language from the two countries about prospering bilateral trade and common anti-Israeli ideological solidarity. But mostly out of sight have been indications of rivalry, distrust, and mutual sectarian suspicion between the two Muslim countries.

Ankara may deny helping ISIS, but the evidence for this is overwhelming. “As we have the longest border with Syria,” writes Orhan Kemal Cengiz, a Turkish newspaper columnist, “Turkey’s support was vital for the jihadists in getting in and out of the country.” Indeed, the ISIS strongholds not coincidentally cluster close to Turkey’s frontiers.

Kurds, academic experts and the Syrian opposition agree that Syrians, Turks (estimated to number3,000), and foreign fighters (especially Saudis but also a fair number of Westerners) have crossed the Turkish-Syrian border at will, often to join ISIS. What Turkish journalist Kadri Gursel calls a “two-way jihadist highway,” has no bothersome border checks and sometimes involves the active assistance of Turkish intelligence services. CNN even broadcast a video on “The secret jihadi smuggling route through Turkey.”

Actually, the Turks offered far more than an easy border crossing: they provided the bulk of ISIS’ funds, logistics, training and arms. Turkish residents near the Syrian border tell of Turkish ambulances going to Kurdish-ISIS battle zones and then evacuating ISIS casualties to Turkish hospitals. Indeed, a sensational photograph has surfaced showing ISIS commander Abu Muhammad in a hospital bed receiving treatment for battle wounds in Hatay State Hospital in April 2014.

Abu Muhammad of ISIS in Hatay State Hospital in April 2014, recovering from wounds received fighting in Syria.

One Turkish opposition politician estimates that Turkey has paid $800 million to ISIS for oil shipments. Another politician released information about active duty Turkish soldiers training ISIS members. Critics note that Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdo?an, has met three times with someone, Yasin al-Qadi, who has close ties to ISIS and has funded it.

The flag of Rojava, or Syria Kurdistan.

Why the Turkish support for wild-eyed extremists? Because Ankara wants to eliminate two Syrian polities, the Assad regime in Damascus and Rojava (the emerging Kurdish state) in the northeast.

Regarding the Assad regime: “Thinking that jihadists would ensure a quick fall for the Assad regime in Syria, Turkey, no matter how vehemently officials deny it, supported the jihadists,” writes Cengiz, “at first along with Western and some Arab countries and later in spite of their warnings.”

Regarding Rojava: Rojava’s leadership being aligned with the PKK, the (formerly) terrorist Kurdish group based in Turkey, the authoritative Turkish journalist Amberin Zaman has little doubt “that until recently, Turkey was allowing jihadist fighters to move unhindered across its borders” to fight the Kurds.

More broadly, as the Turkish analyst Mustafa Akyol notes, Ankara thought “anybody who fought al-Assad was a good guy and also harbored an “ideological uneasiness with accepting that Islamists can do terrible things.” This has led, he acknowledges, to “some blindness” toward violent jihadists. Indeed, ISIS is so popular in Turkey that others publicly copy its logo.In the face of this support, the online newspaper Al-Monitor calls on Turkey to close its border to ISIS while Rojava threatened Ankara with “dire consequences” unless Turkish aid ceases.

In conclusion, Turkish leaders are finding Syria a double quagmire, what with Assad still in power and the Kurdish entity growing stronger. In reaction, they have cooperated with even the most extreme, retrograde and vicious elements, such as ISIS. But this support opened a second front in Iraq which, in turn, brings the clash of the Middle East’s two titans, Turkey and Iran, closer to realization.

Mr. Pipes (DanielPipes.org) is president of the Middle East Forum. © 2014 by Daniel Pipes. All rights reserved.

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June 18, 2014 | 6 Comments »

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  1. @ yamit82:

    To Understand the Crisis in Iraq, Follow the Pipelines



    note active and inactive, I thing the one through golan is from saudi through Jordan as is inactive. I note a proposed from north central Iraq through Jordan and a large field on iraq jordan border(i think)

  2. bernard ross Said:

    Hezbullah spreading thin, will be fighting on 4 fronts soon: lebanon, syria, iraq israel:
    what’s not to like!

    Hezbollah at peak could field some 8000 fighters. Their manpower numbers were never a threat to Israel. Seems that whatever one thinks about them they have chosen the winning side in Syria and will continue to be supported by Russia and Iran. ISIS has taken vast territory in blitzkrieg type operation by bypassing all but key targets on their drive South. To pacify and hold that territory they will need much larger forces.

    Mostly Shia Iraqi army forces making a stand now and even taking back some of their losses. ISIS Advance seems to have been halted some 30-40 miles north of Baghdad. How much Hezbollah can contribute in manpower is limited. Don’t think they can make much of a difference to the outcome.

    Iraqi forces still loyal to Malaki have the numbers and the firepower to stop and reverse gains by ISIS. Iran WILL pincer FROM THE east. Remember THE FIGHTERS FOR THE MOST PART came from the Syrian front which weakens them and Assad is making gains. One theory is that if Obama decides to commit air-power in Iraq he will do the same in Syria and then we have a new ball game.

    I am betting the West and the Saudis are going to lose this gambit because the Russians and Iranians are smarter and will not allow the Saudis and the West to win.

    Israels problem remains no matter who comes out on top:
    General: 170,000 Rockets, Missiles Target Israel
    BY: Washington Free Beacon Staff
    June 10, 2014 9:25 am

    The head of the Israeli Defense Forces Military Intelligence’s Research Division, Brig. Gen. Itai Brun said Monday that more than 170,000 rockets and missiles are currently targeting Israel, Israel Hayom reports.

    Brun said in a speech that the majority of those missiles are located in Lebanon, Syria, and the Gaza Strip.

  3. Hezbollah’s Nasrallah Pledges Troops to Support Iraqi Regime, As Soldiers Fortify Beirut Against ISIS
    Lebanese sources close to the group told the U.S. business daily that Hezbollah was already spread too thin in Syria and along the Israeli border to also enter Iraq.

    Hezbullah spreading thin, will be fighting on 4 fronts soon: lebanon, syria, iraq israel:
    what’s not to like!

  4. “false flags and deception are not considered by this author. turkey just signed a 50 year massive oil deal with the Iraqi kurds who just captured and linked kirkuk to their oil pipelines which go to TURKEY!!!!!!!
    Turkey wants the Iraqi kurd politicians to dominate the future kurd state as opposed to those who seek trouble within turkey. In any regard, turkey is in support of ISIS and has defacto recognised the breakaway kurdistan of Iraq.